Political and legal framework
Smooth and efficient operations at Zurich Airport are also of great importance to the Confederation as the main body responsible for aviation (see Art. 87 of the Federal Constitution).
This is reinforced on numerous occasions in its aviation policy report, a white paper governing aviation in Switzerland. Canton Zurich is also aware of the significance of an efficient national airport on its territory. As part of the privatisation programme, Canton Zurich – as the former owner – passed an Airport Act, obliging it to retain at least 33.3% plus a percentage of the share capital of Flughafen Zürich AG. In addition it has been granted special minority rights, giving it a blocking minority on the Board of Directors in the case of noise-related decisions or runway extensions.
In addition to the many positive factors associated with operating an airport, there are also a number of negative consequences. Noise and environmental issues are of particular concern to the general public in this day and age. Just like all other companies in Switzerland, Flughafen Zürich AG must adhere to the Confederation's noise and environmental protection legislation in such matters.